Who had colonial rule in Indochina during the late 1800s?
French colonialism in Vietnam lasted more than six decades. By the late 1880s, Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia were all controlled by France and collectively referred to as Indochine Français (French Indochina). Indochina became one of France’s most important colonial possessions.
Who controlled Indochina in the 19th century?
In the latter half of the 19th century, Vietnam was gradually conquered by the French, who controlled it as a protectorate (1883–1939) and then as a possession (1939–45). Vietnamese rule did not return to the country until Sept. 2, 1945, when the Nationalist leader Ho Chi Minh proclaimed its independence.
Who controlled Indochina Napoleon III?
Emperor Tu Duc’s power was broken as the French then occupied all six provinces of Cochinchina. In 1862, a treaty was signed with Napoleon III that made Vietnam a protectorate of France in return for allowing Tu Duc to remain as a puppet ruler.
Who fought in the First Indochina War?
The two Indochina Wars, covering three decades, started with the First Indochina War (1946–54), an anti-colonial struggle for liberation fought by the Việt Minh, the League for the Independence of Vietnam, against Imperial France.
What happened to Indochina?
In the late 1940s, the French struggled to control its colonies in Indochina – Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos. On May 7, 1954, the French-held garrison at Dien Bien Phu in Vietnam fell after a four month siege led by Vietnamese nationalist Ho Chi Minh. …
Who fought in the Second Indochina War?
With the support of North Vietnam and its army, the Viet Cong engaged in guerilla warfare to challenge the ever-growing U.S. force, leading to the Vietnam War, also known as the Second Indochina War, which stretched from the 1950s to the 1970s. In 1973, the U.S. withdrew its combat troops.
Who colonized China?
From history, it can be known that China is a country which has been colonized by several nations such as Britain and Germany. Though there was a time with weakness and invasion of other countries, China recently became one of the countries that have the speediest development in the world.
Who are the Indochina?
Indochina comprises five countries: Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand and Viet Nam. These coun- tries share natural resources centering on the Mekong River, which flows from north to south through the center of the Indochinese peninsula, and are closely related economically, culturally and historically.