Is there deforestation in Thailand?
In Thailand, forest cover has declined from 53.5% in 1961 to 31.6% in 2014 as a result of population growth, infrastructure development, agricultural expansion, illegal logging and uncontrolled forest fires. On average, the annual deforestation rate was estimated at 0.6% or 140,000 hectares per year, from 1973 to 2014.
What are the five main causes of deforestation?
The most common pressures causing deforestation and severe forest degradation are agriculture, unsustainable forest management, mining, infrastructure projects and increased fire incidence and intensity.
Are there forests in Thailand?
According to the U.N. FAO, 37.1% or about 18,972,000 ha of Thailand is forested, according to FAO. Of this 35.5% ( 6,726,000 ) is classified as primary forest, the most biodiverse and carbon-dense form of forest.
How does climate change affect Thailand?
Climate change threatens all three important sectors of Thailand’s economy: agriculture, tourism, and trade. … The effects of climate change, including higher surface temperatures, floods, droughts, severe storms and sea level rise, put Thailand’s rice crops at risk and threaten to submerge Bangkok within 20 years.
How polluted is Thailand?
In accordance with the World Health Organization’s guidelines, the air quality in Thailand is considered moderately unsafe – the most recent data indicates the country’s annual mean concentration of PM2. 5 is 26 µg/m3, exceeding the recommended maximum of 10 µg/m3.
How did deforestation start?
Deforestation probably originated with the use of fire, and estimates are that 40–50% of the Earth’s original forest area has been lost. Some of that loss happened before settled agriculture began, approximately 10,000 years ago, but only in recent decades is there reliable information on rates of deforestation.