Frequent question: What is the effect of African swine fever in the Philippines?

What is the effect of African swine fever?

African swine fever causes severe illness and high death rates in pigs. All ages of pigs are affected. Signs of illness include high fever, decreased appetite, and weakness. The skin may be reddened, blotchy, or have blackened lesions, especially on the ears, tail, and lower legs.

What is the effect of swine fever to human?

African Swine Fever (ASF) is a highly contagious viral disease of pigs. In its acute form the disease generally results in high mortality. ASF is a different disease to swine flu. The virus does not affect people and there is no impact on human health.

How does the African swine flu affect the demand and supply of pork in the Philippines?

For the Philippines, the African Swine Fever outbreaks in recent years have led to a significant decline in pork production, pushing pork imports to a record high. Meanwhile, the Philippines government is reinforcing strategies to promote its local production and stabilise the market.

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Will the situation of the hog industry affect the Philippine economy?

It negatively affects the livelihoods of numerous poor households that depend on pigs as a source of protein and income, as means to capitalise savings, and as ‘safety nets’ during times of hardship,” says Eloit. “Many such farmers have lost or will lose their businesses because of ASF.”

Who are greatly affected of the African Swine Fever disease?

European wild boar (Sus scrofa) and feral pigs are very susceptible to the disease and exhibit similar clinical signs and lethality to domestic pigs. By contrast, infected wild African Suidae develop subclinical and asymptomatic long term persistent infections, acting as virus reservoirs [1].

Why African swine fever is a serious disease of pig?

African swine fever (ASF) is a highly contagious haemorrhagic viral disease of domestic and wild pigs, which is responsible for serious economic and production losses. It is caused by a large DNA virus of the Asfarviridae family, which also infects ticks of the genus Ornithodoros.

What happens when you eat pig with African swine fever?

Pigs infected with the ASF virus experience high fever, depression, loss of appetite, redness of ears, abdomen, and legs, vomiting, and diarrhea that may lead to death.

Why does African swine fever not affect humans?

The virus passes between pigs via direct contact, contact with contaminated feed or contact with vectors like ticks. The ASF is a hardy virus that remains stable and infectious for three to six months in uncooked pork products. It is not known to infect humans or other animals.

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What happens if you eat pork infected with swine flu?

You cannot get swine flu from eating pork. Although swine flu viruses cause outbreaks in pigs, few cases are caused by contact with live pigs, and none are caused from eating pork or pork products.

What is the main problem of swine industry in the Philippines?

One of the two major problems of the industry is escalating feed prices. According to the Bureau of Agricultural Statistics, Filipinos consume about 17 kg of pork per capita, equivalent to 65% of the total annual meat consumption.

Why is pork so expensive in the Philippines in 2021?

The large supply deficit led to a drastic increase in pork prices. Another PSA data showed that in March 2021, Philippine pork prices averaged P288 pesos/kg or 36 percent higher and even reached as high as P327/kg in the National Capital Region (NCR) or 59 percent higher compared to last year.

When did African swine fever start in Philippines?

Since ASF was first reported in September 2019, the disease has spread to 12 regions, 46 provinces, and 493 cities and municipalities in the country, with new cases continuously being reported despite government interventions.