What did we learn from the Cambodian Genocide?
In these relatively brief remarks, there are five specific lessons that I want to draw from Cambodia’s experience: don’t assume any country is immune from genocidal violence; don’t assume the world will help; diplomacy can nonetheless make a difference; don’t assume it’s over when it’s over; and don’t give up on the …
What were the effects of the Cambodian Genocide?
After the genocide, Cambodia had an enormous shortage of teachers, facilities, and funding while illiteracy rates skyrocketed to almost 40 percent. Cambodia still has far to go to reach even pre-war education standards, but the recent reforms by the new Education Minister are steps in the right direction.
Who is to blame for the Cambodian Genocide?
Ben Kiernan, head of the Cambodian Genocide Project at Yale University, estimated that the Khmer Rouge were responsible for 1.5 million deaths and later raised that estimate to 1.7 million, more than 20% of the population.
What was the aim of the Cambodian program?
The Cambodian Genocide Program aims 1) to collect and study all extant information about this period in Cambodian history, 2) make this information available to a court or tribunal willing to prosecute Cambodian war criminals, and 3) generate a critical, analytic understanding of genocide which can be marshaled in the …
How did the Cambodian genocide affect the economy?
Legacies of Poverty. Poverty in Cambodia remains widespread, largely due to the lingering effects of genocide and the unfair distribution of wealth. The genocide led to the death of much of Cambodia’s educated class.
How were children affected in the Cambodian genocide?
Family life was discouraged and repressed. Everyone was forced to live in communal work camps, but at the age of eight most children were sent away to live with other children under two or three senior Khmer Rouge officials.
Why did the killing fields happen?
The rationale was “to stop them growing up and taking revenge for their parents’ deaths.” Some victims were required to dig their own graves; their weakness often meant that they were unable to dig very deep. The soldiers who carried out the executions were mostly young men or women from peasant families.
Who were the new people in the Cambodian genocide?
New People (in Khmer: neak phnoe or neak thmei) were civilian Cambodians who were controlled and exploited by the Khmer Rouge regime in Cambodia (officially then known as Democratic Kampuchea) from 1975 to 1979.