Who are the members of Ilustrados?
During Spain’s rule of the Philippines, the ilustrados belonged to the European- educated middle-class Filipinos. Many of the names we know and remember today in our country belonged to this class: Juan Luna, Graciana Lopez Jaena, Marcelo H. Del Pilar, Felix Resureccion Hidalgo, Antonio Luna, and Mariano Ponce.
What is the meaning of Principalia?
Edit. The Principalía or noble class was the ruling and usually educated upper class in the towns of colonial Philippines, composed of the Gobernadorcillo (who had functions similar to a town mayor), and the Cabezas de Barangay (chiefs of the barangays) who governed the districts.
What is the difference between mestizos and indios?
The Philippine-born children of americanos were classified as Filipinos. Philippine-born children of mestizos and mulattoes from Hispanic America were classified based on patrilineal descent. The indigenous peoples of the Philippines were referred to as Indios (for those of pure Austronesian descent) and negritos.
What was the real purpose of the Ilustrados for studying?
Their objectives were to fight for the political rights of Filipinos, which were supposed to be the same and non-discriminatory possessed by Spaniards. Also they aimed to secularize the parishes in the Philippines, and to render the Philippines a province that availed itself of equality under the Spanish system.
What is the Spanish name for a Filipino native?
They are also referred to as “Spanish Filipino”, “Español Filipino” and “Hispano Filipino”. They are also referred to colloquially as Tisoy, derived from the Spanish word mestizo.
Colonial caste system.
|Americano||person of Criollo, Castizo, or Mestizo descent born in Spanish America (“from the Americas”)|
What is Insulares?
Insulares was the specific term given to criollos (full-blooded Spaniards born in the colonies) born in the Philippines or the Marianas. Insulares were part of the second highest racial class in Spanish hierarchy below the peninsulares, or full-blooded Spaniards born in Europe.
What is the meaning of Filibustero?
The word is derived from the Spanish filibustero (“freebooting”) and originally described piratical 16th-century privateers. It came into English usage to designate any irregular military adventurer, such as the Americans who took part in Latin American insurrections in the 1850s.