What are the main causes of poverty in Indonesia?

What is Indonesia’s poverty?

Today, Indonesia is the world’s fourth most populous nation, the world’s 10th largest economy in terms of purchasing power parity, and a member of the G-20. Furthermore, Indonesia has made enormous gains in poverty reduction, cutting the poverty rate by more than half since 1999, to 9.78% in 2020.

What are the three main causes of poverty?

11 Top Causes of Global Poverty

  • INEQUALITY AND MARGINALIZATION. …
  • CONFLICT. …
  • HUNGER, MALNUTRITION, AND STUNTING. …
  • POOR HEALTHCARE SYSTEMS — ESPECIALLY FOR MOTHERS AND CHILDREN. …
  • LITTLE OR NO ACCESS TO CLEAN WATER, SANITATION, AND HYGIENE. …
  • CLIMATE CHANGE. …
  • LACK OF EDUCATION. …
  • POOR PUBLIC WORKS AND INFRASTRUCTURE.

Does Indonesia have high poverty?

Indonesia’s poverty rate based on the national poverty line reached a record-low of 9.2 percent in September 2019. The share of Indonesians living below the national poverty line has more than halved since 1993.

What are the causes poverty?

The main causes of poverty in the country include the following: low to moderate economic growth for the past 40 years; low growth elasticity of poverty reduction; … recurrent shocks and exposure to risks such as economic crisis, conflicts, natural disasters,and “environmental poverty.”

How can we reduce poverty in Indonesia?

Different programs both located in Indonesia and in other countries are innovating ways to eradicate poverty in Indonesia. Among them are cash transfer programs, food assistance programs, WASH sanitation programs and others.

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What is the root causes of poverty?

The issues sometimes worsen as poverty can lead to more civil or social unrest, prolonging conflict and instability. Other common root causes of poverty include insufficient labor rights and discrimination, as witnessed in the “Untouchable” caste system in India.

Is Indonesia unequal?

On average, Indonesians believed the country’s Gini coefficient of income inequality to be around 0.3, which is more equal than most countries in the world. In reality, Indonesia is about as unequal as the United States, with a Gini coefficient of around 0.4 – higher than most countries.

Does Indonesia have slums?

Almost 25 million Indonesian families live in urban slums with many others settling along railway tracks and riverbanks, and on streets.