How has deforestation affected Indonesia?

How much of Indonesian forests have been destroyed?

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Indonesia has already lost 72 percent of its intact forests. This is threatening the habitat of species like Sumatran tigers and orangutans, as well as harming the millions of people who depend on Indonesia’s forests for their food, shelter and livelihoods.

What is the cause of deforestation in Indonesia?

Large-scale agriculture, primarily for growing oil palms, remains a major cause of deforestation in Indonesia, but its impact has diminished proportionately in recent years as other natural and human causes emerge, a new Duke University study finds.

What has been affected by deforestation?

The loss of trees and other vegetation can cause climate change, desertification, soil erosion, fewer crops, flooding, increased greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, and a host of problems for indigenous people.

Is Indonesia still burning forest?

An analysis by the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) in 2019 found that 76% of land burning in seven provinces in Indonesia occurred on idle lands, and only 3-3.6% in forested landscapes.

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Is deforestation illegal in Indonesia?

The Government of Indonesia has committed to reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation. However, the country suffers from one of the most significant illegal logging and illegal land clearing conditions in the world.

Where does deforestation occur the most in Indonesia?

This deforestation predominantly occurred on the large islands of Sumatra (47% of national deforestation) and Kalimantan (40% of national deforestation) (Margono et al 2014).

How much of Indonesia is deforested for palm oil?

Using satellite imagery, sustainability risk analysis organization Chain Reaction Research (CRR) found that 58% of the 38,000 hectares (93,900 acres) of deforestation for oil palm plantations in Indonesia, Malaysia and Papua New Guinea occurred in the concessions of 10 companies in Indonesia.

What are the five main causes of deforestation?

The most common pressures causing deforestation and severe forest degradation are agriculture, unsustainable forest management, mining, infrastructure projects and increased fire incidence and intensity.

What is Indonesia doing to prevent deforestation?

Indonesia aims to transform its forests into a carbon sink by 2030 by reducing deforestation and increasing reforestation, as the country targets going carbon neutral by 2070.

How many trees has Indonesia lost?

Primary forest loss and tree cover loss: Indonesia

Year Primary forest Tree cover (30%)
2017 373,255 1,301,946
2018 339,888 1,219,663
Primary loss 2002-2018 9,154,000
Tree cover loss 2001-2018 24,972,682

How many forests are in Indonesia?

FAO, 52.1% or about 94,432,000 ha of Indonesia is forested, according to FAO. Of this 50.0% ( 47,236,000 ) is classified as primary forest, the most biodiverse and carbon-dense form of forest. Indonesia had 3,549,000 ha of planted forest.

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