How does air pollution affect Vietnam?

Why is air pollution a problem in Vietnam?

Among the main causes of this pollution is transportation. Vietnam now has 3.6 million automobiles and 58 million motorbikes, mostly concentrated in big cities. Many of them are old vehicles, with limited emission control technology. They cause daily traffic jams and emit a large amount of air pollutants.

How bad is the air pollution in Vietnam?

How bad is the air pollution in Vietnam? Vietnam is suffering from some of the worst air pollution recorded. From 2017 to 2018, the annual average concentration of PM2. 5 (fine particulate matter) within Ho Chi Minh City rose from 23.6 to 26.9 micrograms per cubic meter (µg/m³).

What environmental problems does Vietnam have?

The following eight problems deserve special attention; 1) deforestation, 2) decrease of agricultural land resources, 3) irrational use of water resources, 4) over exploitation of fishery resources, 5) irrational use of mineral resources, 6) loss of genetic resources, 7) environmental pollution, 8) environmental damage

How does plastic pollution affect Vietnam?

Between 1990 and 2015, plastic consumption in Vietnam rocketed from 3.8 kg per year to 41 kg per year. This has created over 1.8 million tonnes of annual plastic waste. Unfortunately, proper disposal or collection has been limited. … Citizens lost trust in the system and in turn, lost their motivation to sort the waste.

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Why is the air pollution so bad in Hanoi?

Air pollution is not new in Hanoi, but remains as pressing an issue as ever. … The municipal authorities have blamed the low air quality on large-scale construction, large number of private vehicles, intensive industrial activity like steel and cement production, and coal-fired power plants.

How will climate change affect Vietnam?

The International Monetary Fund estimates that Vietnam’s economic growth may fall by 10% in 2021 due to climate change. Vietnam’s coastline is 3,200 kilometers long and 70 percent of its population lives in coastal areas and low‐lying deltas.